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英譯法規內容

法規名稱(Title) Regulations for Tuna Longline Fishing Vessels Proceeding to the Indian Ocean for Fishing Operation Ch
公發布日(Date) 2019.04.18
法規沿革(Legislative) The full text of 73 articles promulgated on 20 January 2017 by
the Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan under Order No.
1061332058.

Part of these Regulations, Appendix 10 of Article 21, and
Appendix 11 of Article 22 amended on 30 January 2018 by the
Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan under Order No.
1061339855.

Part of these Regulations, Appendix 13 of Article 48,
Appendix 16 of Article 60, and Appendix 17 of Article 61 and
62 amended on 18 April 2019 by theCouncil of Agriculture,
Executive Yuan under Order No. 1081333642.
法規內文(Content)
Chapter I General Principles
Article 1
These Regulations are hereby established pursuant to Article 6, 
paragraph 2; Article 10, paragraph 2; Article 11, paragraph 3; 
and Article 24, paragraph 2 of the Act for Distant Water 
Fisheries (hereinafter referred to as “the Act”).

Article 2
Terms used in these Regulations are defined as follows:
(1)“Tuna longline fishing vessel” means any fishing vessel 
targeting highly migratory fish species such as tunas, billfishes, 
sharks, skipjacks or mahi mahi with longline fishing gears.
(2)“Indian Ocean” means the waters of the Indian Ocean bounded 
by the following line: from the south coast of South Africa due 
south along the 20°E to its intersection with the 45°S; thence due 
east along the 45°S to its intersection with the 80°E; thence due 
south along the 80°E to its intersection with the 55°S; thence due 
east along the 55°S to its intersection with the 150°E; thence due 
north along the 150°E to its intersection with the coast of 
Australia; thence in a westerly direction round the south, the west 
and the northwest coasts of Australia to a point at 129°E; thence 
due north along the 129°E to its intersection with 8°S; thence due 
west along the 8°S to its intersection with 113°28'E; thence due 
north alone with the 113°28'E to the south coast of Java at 8°23'S; 
thence in a westerly direction along the coasts of Java and Sumatra; 
thence round the coast of Sumatra running south in the Strait of 
Malacca; thence across the Strait at 2°30'N to meet the coast of 
Malay Peninsula; thence due north along the 2°30'N of the west coast 
of Malay Peninsula; thence along the coasts to the intersection 
between the south coast of South Africa and 20°E. The area is as shown 
in Appendix 1. 
(3)Independent third party” means any of the following institutions 
recognized by the competent authority:
i.For Japan:
(i)Shinken Corporation.
(ii)Nippon Kaiji Kentei Kyokai, Incorporated Association.
ii.For areas excluding Japan: the verifying institution which obtains 
the accreditation for management system certification from the Taiwan 
Accreditation Foundation (TAF).
(4)“Carrier vessel” means the following vessels that conduct the 
transshipment of catches from tuna longline fishing vessel(s) to itself 
and transports to ports:
i.Carrier vessel of the Republic of China’ refers to the carrier vessel 
which has the fishing license of the Republic of China.
ii.‘Foreign carrier vessel’ refers to the carrier vessel, excluding 
container vessel, which has the valid nationality certificate of the flag 
State of a foreign country.

Article 3
Fishing vessels proceeding to the Indian Ocean  to catch highly migratory 
species such as, tunas, billfishes, sharks, skipjack, or mahi mahi shall 
be limited to tuna longline fishing vessels of 20 Gross Tonnage (GT) and 
above.

“Regulations for Fishing Vessels Conducting Southern Bluefin Tuna 
Fishery” shall also be applied to any tuna longline fishing vessel catching 
southern bluefin tuna.

Article 4
Fishing areas for tuna longline fishing vessels of 100 GT and above 
(hereinafter referred to as “large scale longliners”) fishing in the Indian 
Ocean are divided as follows:
(1)Bigeye tuna fishing area: the Indian Ocean north of 30°S, excluding the 
high risk area of piracy which is bounded by the following lines: from the 
east coast of Kenya due east along the 4°S to its intersection with 44°E; 
thence due northeast to the intersection between the equator and the 49°E;  
thence to the intersection between the 15°N and the 61°E; thence due west 
along the 15°N to the west off the east coast of Yeman. The area is as shown 
in Appendix 2. 
(2)Oilfish fishing area: the Indian Ocean south of 30°S. The area is as shown 
in Appendix 3.
(3)Albacore tuna fishing area: the Indian Ocean west of 75°E and south of 15°S; 
and east of 75°E and south of 10°S. The area is as shown in Appendix 4.

The fishing area for tuna longline fishing vessels of 20 GT and above and less 
than 100 GT (hereinafter referred to as “small scale longliners”) in the Indian 
Ocean is the Indian Ocean except for the high risk area of piracy. The area is 
as shown in Appendix 5.

Any small scale longliner shall not fish in the area south of 28°S and east of 
65°E from April to September every year.

Tuna longline fishing vessels shall fish only within the fishing area(s) 
permitted by the competent authority.

Article 5
Tuna longling fishing vessels proceeding to the Indian Ocean for fishing 
operation are categorized, in accordance with the GT, catch species and operation 
patterns, into the following groups:
(1)For large scale longliners:
i.Bigeye tuna group: bigeye tuna as the target species.
ii.Albacore tuna group: albacore tuna as the target species.
(2)For small scale longliners:
i.Frozen yellowfin tuna group: the fishing vessel with freezing equipment which 
has more individual vessel quota of bigeye tuna than the fishing vessel of 
general group.
ii.General group: no specific target species.
 
Article 6
Limits on the number of tuna longline fishing vessels fishing in the Indian 
Ocean are as follows:
(1)For large scale longliners:
i.Bigeye tuna group: the number of fishing vessels is limited to 153.
ii.Albacore tuna group: the number of fishing vessels is limited to 37. 
(2)For small scale longliners:
i.Frozen yellowfin tuna group: the number is limited to 50.
ii.General group: the number is limited to 350. 

Chapter II Application and Issuance of the Distant Water Fisheries Permit
Article 7
Any distant water fisheries operator intending to apply for the distant water 
fisheries permit(s) for his/her fishing vessel(s) to fish in the Indian Ocean 
in the following year shall fill in the application form, formats of which are 
as shown in Appendix 6 to 8, in accordance with types of fishing vessels and 
groups and submit it with the following documents:
(1)A copy of the valid fishing license which shall contain the International 
Maritime Organization (IMO) ship identification number.
(2)The document certified by the commissioned professional institution that 
the automatic location communicator (ALC) on board the fishing vessel can 
regularly and normally transmit vessel positions.
(3)The document certified by the commissioned professional institution that 
the electronic logbook (E-logbook) system on board the fishing vessel can 
normally transmit catch data.

Article 8
Any fishing vessel that applies for the distant water fisheries permit of 
the bigeye tuna group for the following year shall meet any of the following 
conditions:
(1)It belongs to the bigeye tuna group in the current year with the competent 
authority’s approval.
(2)It is a newly built fishing vessel which has received the replacement tonnage 
of a fishing vessel of the bigeye tuna group or of the bigeye tuna group 
concurrently conducting part-time fishing for albacore or yellowfin tuna.

Any fishing vessel that applies for the distant water fisheries permit of the 
albacore tuna group for the following year shall meet any of the following 
conditions:
(1)It belongs to the albacore tuna group in the current year with the competent 
authority’s approval.
(2)It is a newly built fishing vessel which has received the replacement tonnage 
of a fishing vessel of the albacore tuna group.
(3)It is a fishing vessel with a fishing license of longline fishery which were 
formerly authorized to fish in the Indian Ocean and also authorized to operate 
non tuna longline fishery under fisheries cooperation with a foreign country.

Article 9 
For the application of the distant water fisheries permit of the following year, 
the documents prescribed in Article 7 shall be submitted in accordance with the 
following procedures and deadline:
(1)For any distant water fisheries operator of large scale longliner(s) that is 
a member of the Taiwan Deep Sea Tuna Boat-owners and Exporters Association 
(hereinafter referred to as “Tuna Association”), it shall apply to the Tuna 
Association before October 15 of the current year, which shall compile the 
applications in accordance with the groups for delivery to the competent authority 
before October 31 of the current year.
(2)For any distant water fisheries operator of large scale longliner(s) that is 
not a member of the Tuna Association, he/she shall apply to the competent 
authority before October 31 of the current year.
(3)For any distant water fisheries operator of small scale longliner(s) that is 
a member of the Taiwan Tuna Longline Association (hereinafter referred to as 
“Longline Association”), he/she shall apply to the Longline Association before 
October 15 of the current year. The Longline Association shall compile the 
applications in accordance with the groups and deliver to the competent authority 
before October 31 of the current year.
(4)For any distant water fisheries operator of small scale longliner(s) that is 
not a member of the Longline Association, he/she shall apply to the competent 
authority before October 31.
(5)For any distant water fisheries operator of carrier vessel(s) of the Republic 
of China, he/she shall apply to the competent authority before October 31 of the 
current year. 

Article 10
In the event that the number of fishing vessels applying for the distant water 
fisheries permits of the bigeye tuna or albacore tuna group exceeds the limit of 
respective group, the Tuna Association shall draw lots to decide the priority in 
an equitable and impartial manner. 

In the event that the number of fishing vessels applying for the general group 
exceeds the limit, the competent authority shall draw lots to decide the priority 
in an equitable and impartial manner.

Article 11
For any fishing vessel applying for the distant water fisheries permit of the 
frozen yellowfin tuna group, the competent authority shall come up with a list 
of vessel priority in accordance with the following sequence of priority:
(1)First priority: the fishing vessel was formerly approved by the competent 
authority as the frozen yellowfin tuna group in the Indian Ocean and has not 
lost such qualification; or the fishing vessel is newly built which has received 
the replacement tonnage of a tuna longline fishing vessel of the frozen 
yellowfin tuna group in the Indian Ocean.
(2)Second priority: the fishing vessel was formerly approved by the competent 
authority as the frozen yellowfin tuna group in the Pacific Ocean and has not 
lost such qualification.
(3)Third priority: the fishing vessel was the small scale longliner which is 
approved as the general group in the current year in the Indian Ocean.

In the event that the number of applying fishing vessels in the preceding 
paragraphs exceeds the limits, the competent authority shall draw lots to 
decide the priority in an equitable and impartial manner. 

In the event that the number of fishing vessels which obtain the distant water 
fisheries permits of the frozen yellowfin tuna group does not reach the limit 
of the current year, the vacancy shall be filled pursuant to the sequence of 
priority prescribed in the preceding two paragraphs, and the competent authority 
may announce in due course to accept applications, notwithstanding the application 
deadline prescribed in Article 9.

Article 12
The distant water fisheries operator who has obtained the distant water fisheries 
permit of bigeye tuna group may apply to the competent authority to fish in the 
oilfish fishing area in the current year, notwithstanding the application 
procedures and deadline prescribed in Article 9.

Article 13
In case of any of the following conditions, the distant water fisheries operator 
may submit the documents prescribed in Article 7 and apply for the distant water 
fisheries permit to the competent authority, notwithstanding the application 
procedures and deadline prescribed in Article 9:
(1)The distant water fisheries operator of a fishing vessel has changed;
(2)The distant water fisheries operator has obtained the fishing license for the 
chartered fishing vessel;
(3)The distant water fisheries operator has obtained the fishing license for the 
newly-built fishing vessel;
(4)The distant water fisheries operator who resumes the operation after the 
suspension of the operation authorized pursuant to Article 11 of the Fisheries Act 
has expired;
(5)The distant water fisheries operator applies for the renewal of the expired 
fishing license; 
(6)The suspension of the fishing license has been executed completely or the fine 
imposed has been paid up; or
(7)Addition of fishing area(s) for a carrier vessel which has obtained the distant 
water fisheries permit of the current year.

Article 14
A certificate of distant water fisheries permit will be issued to the application 
approved by the competent authority. The maximum period of validity of the permit 
shall be one year, and shall not exceed that of the fishing license.

The certificate of distant water fisheries permit shall record, both in Chinese 
and English, the following:
(1)The number of the certificate;
(2)The name, CT number, GT, length overall (LOA) and fisheries type of the fishing 
vessel;
(3)Name of the distant water fisheries operator;
(4)The authorized fishing Ocean, group, fishing area(s), and fishing period;
(5)The International Radio Call Sign (IRCS); and 
(6)The IMO ship identification number. 

The distant water fisheries operator shall place onboard the fishing vessel a copy 
of the valid distant water fisheries permit in case of inspection.

Article 15
Fishing vessels intending to interchange the groups or fishing Oceans shall apply 
for the approval from the competent authority.

In the event that a large scale longliner intends to change the group or fishing 
Ocean with other fishing vessel, the following provisions shall be met:
(1)Distant water fisheries operators of both vessels are members of the Tuna 
Association;
(2)Both vessels have the valid certificates of distant water fisheries permits;
(3)The fishing vessel intending to change to the bigeye tuna group shall be 
equipped with ultra-low temperature devices, and its distant water fisheries 
operator has made a guarantee letter to assume the duty from the original fishing 
vessel of bigeye tuna group to pay the reimbursement of the vessel reduction 
program; and    
(4)The penalty of suspending the fishing license has been completely executed.

Small scale longliners are allowed to only the interchange of groups between the 
frozen yellowfin tuna group of the Pacific Ocean and that of the Indian Ocean. 

For any fishing vessel approved to change the group or fishing Ocean, documents 
shall be provided to prove the fish holds have been empted and the certificate 
of the distant water fisheries permit originally issued shall be returned for 
the issuance of the new certificate of distant water fisheries permit after the 
change of fishing Ocean or group.

Chapter III Fishing Vessel and Fishing Gear Markings
Article 16
Fishing vessels shall be marked with vessel markings, including, at least, the 
Chinese and English vessel name, name of registry port, CT numbers and IRCS. The 
characters and the edges of characters shall maintain clear and identifiable at 
all times.   

Where fishing vessels are fishing or berthing at ports, the IRCS shall be 
displayed clearly identifiable for the sighting by other vessels from the water 
surface or airplanes from the air.  

Article 17 
The IRCS of a fishing vessel is its radio call sign.

Vessel markings shall be painted with marine coating. Characters of the Chinese 
vessel name shall be block letters, and the numbers may be Arabic numerals. 
Characters of the English vessel name, CT numbers and the IRCS shall be capital 
letters and Arabic numerals. The height, width, and colors of characters shall 
meet the specifications as shown in Appendix 9.

Article 18
Vessel markings shall be placed in accordance with the following:
(1)The Chinese vessel name shall be placed on the port bow and the starboard bow, 
and the center of stern or port quarter or starboard quarter, where the vessel 
name is clearly visible. 
(2)The English vessel name shall be placed on the port bow and the starboard bow, 
and the center of stern or port quarter or starboard quarter, under the Chinese 
vessel name. 
(3)The CT numbers shall be placed on the port bow and the straboard bow, under 
the English vessel name. 
(4)The IRCS shall be placed above the waterline on both sides of any fishing 
vessels and on a deck where the IRCS is not obscured by fishing gear(s), and 
shall be clear of the bow, stern, discharge or areas which might be prone to 
damage or discoloration. In case that the lowest edge of characters is under the 
waterline when the fish holds are full, the IRCS shall be placed on the fishing 
vessel’s superstructure.     

Article 19
Fishing gear(s) of any tuna longline fishing vessel shall be equipped with signal 
flags, radar reflector buoys or other similar devices so as to identify the 
position(s) and fishing area(s).

The devices as referred to in the preceding paragraph shall be marked with the 
same CT number or IRCS as the tuna longline fishing vessel concerned.

Chapter IV Fishing Gears and Methods, and Mitigation Measures for Incidental 
Catch 
Article 20
For any tuna longline fishing vessel navigating through the water under 
national jurisdiction of any foreign country, all fishing equipment on board 
shall be stowed and secured, and such vessel shall not conduct activities 
such as arrangement of fishing gears or fishing, except that it has engaged in 
fisheries cooperation with the foreign country concerned.

Article 21
Any tuna longline fishing vessel shall carry on board the line cutter, de-hooker 
and scoop/dip net, formats of which are as shown in Appendix 10, to release 
incidentally caught seabirds and sea turtles.

Article 22
Any longline fishing vessel fishing in the Indian Ocean south of 25°S shall 
employ at least two of the following three seabird bycatch mitigation 
measures, the specifications of which are as shown in Appendix 11, and shall 
record the mitigation measures taken during each fishing operation on the 
E-logbook and logbooks:
(1)Night setting with minimum deck lighting.
(2)Tori lines.
(3)Weighted branch lines.

Chapter V Catch Limits or Quotas
Article 23
For the purpose of these Regulations, the species with catch limit (hereinafter 
referred to as “fish species with catch limit”) as referred to in subparagraph 
(7) of Article 13, paragraph 1 of the Act means bigeye tuna and yellowfin tuna.

Article 24
The annual total catch quota (unprocessed round weight, hereinafter the same when 
referring to “quota” in the following provisions) of the Republic of China in 
the Indian Ocean and the quota for individual tuna longline fishing vessel shall 
be promulgated by the competent authority in accordance with the conservation and 
management measures.  

The annual total catch quota of the species with catch limit shall be allocated 
to the large scale longliners and small scale longliners in accordance with the 
following percentage:
(1)Bigeye tuna: 85.7% for large scale longliners, and 14.3% for small scale 
longliners.
(2)Yellowfin tuna: 43% for large scale longliners, and 57% for small scale 
longliners.

In the event that the total catch amount of a species with catch limit has reached 
95% of the annual total catch quota as referred to in paragraph 1, the competent 
authority may order the whole tuna longline fishing fleet to stop catching the 
concerned species by a deadline.

In the event that the total catch amount has reached 95% of the quota allocated to 
large or small scale longliners fleet as referred to in paragraph 2, the competent 
authority may order the large or small scale longliners fleet to stop catching the 
concerned species by a deadline. 

The period for using the quota as referred to in paragraph 1 shall be from January 
1 to December 31 of the current year.

The total remaining quota of the current year in the Indian Ocean may be arranged 
by the competent authority.

Article 25
The distant water fisheries permit of the current year shall be obtained for 
granting the quota of the current year to the tuna longline fishing vessel. 

For any tuna longline fishing vessel that has not obtained the distant water 
fisheries permit of the entire year, the quota shall be granted in accordance with 
the percentage that the number of month(s) approved accounts for the whole year. 
Notwithstanding such provision, in the event that the ownership of any tuna longline 
fishing vessel transfers and the quota used by the original distant water fisheries 
operator exceeds the percentage that the number of month(s) approved accounts for 
the whole year, the unused quota of such vessel in the current year shall be granted 
to the new distant water fisheries operator.

In case of any of the following circumstances, the competent authority shall retrieve 
the unused quota of the tuna longline fishing vessel concerned in the current year:
(1)Loss of a tuna longline fishing vessel.
(2)Revocation or withdrawal of the fishing license imposed by the competent 
authority.
(3)Revocation or withdrawal of the distant water fisheries permit imposed by the 
competent authority.

Article 26
The catch amount of the fish species with catch limit for any tuna longline fishing 
vessel shall not exceed the quota allocated to the individual vessel for the current 
year. In case of excess, the annual quota of such fishing vessel for the following 
year shall be deducted accordingly.

In the event that the catch amount of the fish species with catch limit of any tuna 
longline fishing vessel has reached 90% of the individual vessel quota, the competent 
authority may order such vessel to stop catching the concerned species by a deadline.

Article 27
In case of any of the following conditions, the competent authority shall grant the quota 
of the current year in accordance with the percentage that the number of month(s) the tuna 
longline fishing vessel actual fishes accounts for the whole year; shall retrieve the quota 
on a pro-rata basis from the tuna longline fishing vessel which has been granted the quota; 
or shall deduct the quota allocated for the following year in the event that the quota of 
the current year is unable to be retrieved from the vessel:     
(1)The tuna longline fishing vessel is punished by the competent authority of the suspension 
of the fishing license for one month and above.
(2)The tuna longline fishing vessel is detained in the port by foreign government.

For any fishing vessel approved to be engaged in fisheries cooperation by means of being 
chartered, the quota shall not be granted to such vessel during the period of such fisheries 
cooperation. In case that the quota has been granted, the competent authority shall retrieve 
the quota of the current year in accordance with the percentage that the number of month(s) 
for fisheries cooperation accounts for the whole year. In case that the quota of the current 
year is unable to be retrieved, the competent authority shall deduct the quota allocated for 
such vessel in the following year.

Article 28
Any small scale longliner shall not target bigeye tuna.

The targeting of bigeye tuna as referred to in the preceding paragraph means the bigeye tuna 
catch amount of the fishing vessel during six months exceeds over 50% of its total catch 
amount of the same period.

Article 29
For any tuna longline fishing vessel which changes the fishing Ocean or group with other 
vessel pursuant to Article 15, its individual vessel quota for the remaining period of its 
permit shall be the remaining quota of that other vessel, and its annual individual vessel 
quota of bigeye tuna shall be limited as follows:
(1)For any large scale longliner: 330 metric tons.
(2)For any fishing vessel of the frozen yellowfin tuna group: 100 metric tons.

Article 30
In the event that the following requirements are met, the bigeye tuna quota of a fishing 
vessel of the bigeye tuna group may, through the coordination of the Tuna Association 
which reports to the competent authority for approval, be transferred to other fishing 
vessel(s) of the bigeye tuna group:
(1)The bigeye tuna quota of the receiving fishing vessel shall not exceed 330 metric tons 
after the transfer; and
(2)Both the transferring and receiving fishing vessels shall not have been imposed upon any 
punishment pursuant to Article 35, 36 or 40 of the Act in the current year.
(3)In case that the transferring or receiving fishing vessel has been imposed upon a fine 
or the suspension of the fishing license pursuant to Article 41 of the Act in the current 
year, such punishment has been paid or executed completely.

In the event that any fishing vessel of the bigeye tuna group has transferred accumulated 
30 metric tons of bigeye tuna quota, it shall enter into a port for stop fishing for one 
month in the current year; for the transfer of accumulated 60 metric tons of bigeye tuna 
quota, it shall enter into a port for stop fishing for two months, and so forth.   

For the fishing vessel entering into a port for stop fishing in accordance with the 
preceding paragraph, the starting and ending dates of the period and the berthing location 
shall be specified at the time when applying for the approval of transferring quota from 
the competent authority.

The individual vessel quota of yellowfin tuna may, with the approval of the competent 
authority, be transferred to other fishing vessel(s). After such transfer, the total 
yellowfin tuna quota of a receiving large scale longliner shall not exceed 120 metric 
tons, and that of a receiving small scale longliner shall not exceed 100 metric tons. 

Article 31
The competent authority may, after May of each year, announce the additional bigeye tuna 
quota that can be applied for.

Any tuna longline fishing vessel of the bigeye tuna group or the frozen yellowfin tuna 
group applying for the additional quota as referred to in the preceding paragraph shall 
use its individual vessel quota of bigeye tuna for up to 70%, and shall not exceed the 
quota allocated at the time of application.

The maximum additional quota for each fishing vessel as referred to in the preceding 
paragraph shall be 70 metric tons for the fishing vessel of bigeye tuna group and 60 
metric tons for that of frozen yellowfin tuna group.

The additional bigeye tuna quota acquired in accordance with paragraph 2 shall not be 
transferred.

Article 32
The competent authority may grant premium quota to the catching vessel which cooperates 
with the competent authority to carry out relevant experiments, researches or management 
measures.

The premium quota as referred to in the preceding paragraph shall not be transferred.

Chapter VI Management of Vessel Position Reporting
Article 33
The ALC on board shall be maintained functional at all time, whether at sea or in port.

The ALC on board any fishing vessel shall automatically transmit at least one vessel 
position in every hour.

Fees for the services and communications of the ALC shall be borne by distant water 
fisheries operators. The competent authority may subsidize depending on the financial 
situation of the government. 

Except for the purpose of repair or replacement approved by the competent authority, 
any ALC which has been installed on board and has transmitted a vessel position shall 
not be removed from the fishing vessel.

Article 34
In case that a fishing vessel needs to stay in a domestic port for three days and above; 
or in a foreign port for dry docking; or in a foreign port for seven days and above, its 
distant water fisheries operator may apply to the competent authority with documentary 
proof for switching off the ALC, which may only be switched off after obtaining approval.

In the case of a fishing vessel applying for switching off the ALC during its stay in a 
foreign port for the purposes except for dry docking, a photograph showing the berthing 
of such fishing vessel shall be provided weekly. The competent authority may order to 
switch on the ALC concerned in case of failing to provide the photograph in due course.

The period of switching off the ALC as approved in accordance with paragraph 1 shall not 
exceed six months for each application. Extension may be applied by the distant water 
fisheries operator concerned in accordance with paragraph 1 before the period is expired.

Any fishing vessel shall not leave the port during the period of switching off the ALC.

In the event that the ALC onboard is rebooted, the fishing vessel may only leave the port 
after the commissioned professional institution has confirmed that such ALC can regularly 
and normally transmit vessel positions.

Article 35
Any fishing vessel of 100 GT and above shall carry at least one spare set of ALC on board.

In case that the identification number of ALC on board has been changed, the distant water 
fisheries operator shall notify the competent authority or the commissioned professional 
institution in writing.

Article 36
The ALC is deemed as signal-lost in the event that the commissioned professional institution 
has not received positions automatically transmitted by the ALC four times consecutively for 
any fishing vessel. In the event that the ALC is signal-lost for three consecutive days, it 
is deemed as mal-function. 

The malfunctioning ALC shall be repaired no later than 30 days.

In the event that the ALC on board is signal-lost or mal-functional, the distant water 
fisheries operator or the captain shall immediately send information related to vessel 
positions by facsimile to the commissioned professional institution and the vessel positions 
shall be recorded by automatic recording satellite navigator for perusal in later days. The 
format of the facsimile is as shown in Appendix 12.

The transmit of vessel positions as referred to in the preceding paragraph shall be every four 
hours for any fishing vessel.

For any fishing vessel with spare set of ALC on board, it shall report to the competent 
authority of using the spare set during the malfunction of the ALC. In case that the spare set 
is also mal-functional, the spare set from other fishing vessel may be deployed after obtaining 
the competent authority’s approval.

Article 37
In the event that the ALC onboard is deemed as signal lost for an accumulative period of 15 days 
and above during one fishing trip, the competent authority may order such fishing vessel to stop 
fishing immediately and directly navigate to a designated port within the required timeframe for 
repair and inspection(s) conducted by personnel dispatched by the competent authority, and the 
vessel shall not leave the port until the commissioned professional institution has confirmed 
that such ALC can regularly and normally transmit vessel positions.

Any expense incurred from port return, port entry and confirmation of position transmitting as 
referred to in the preceding paragraph shall be borne by the distant water fisheries operator.

Article 37-1
For any fishing vessel that is not within the water under the national jurisdiction of the Republic 
of China and without a valid distant water fisheries permit, it shall still maintain its ALC 
operational year-round, and Article 33 to 37 shall apply to such vessel.

Chapter VII Logbooks and Catch Reports
Article 38
In the event that any tuna longline fishing vessel leaves a port, its captain shall daily report 
catch data through the E-logbook system designated by the competent authority, and shall also 
fill in the logbooks designated by the competent authority. Catch reports shall be filled in 
completely and accurately, and where the catch amount is zero, catch reports shall be filled in 
as well.  

In case that there is any discrepancy between any datum recorded in the E-logbook system and the 
logbook, the datum recorded in the E-logbook system shall prevail.   

In case that the E-logbook system fails to report catch data on the day, the distant water 
fisheries operator or the captain shall transmit catch data via facsimile to the competent 
authority or the commissioned professional institution next day. Such catch data shall be signed 
by the distant water fisheries operator or the captain.

In the event that the E-logbook system fails to report catch data for five consecutive days, it 
is deemed as mal-function. The malfunctioning E-logbook system shall be repaired no later than 
30 days.

In the event that the E-logbook system onboard is deemed as mal-functional for an accumulative 
period of 15 days and above during one fishing trip, the competent authority may order such 
fishing vessel to stop fishing immediately and directly navigate to a designated port within 
the required timeframe for repair and inspection(s) conducted by personnel dispatched by the 
competent authority, and the vessel shall not leave the port until the commissioned 
professional institution has confirmed that such E-logbook system can normally transmit data.

Any expense incurred from port return, port entry and confirmation of E-logbook system as 
referred to in the preceding paragraph shall be borne by the distant water fisheries operator.

Article 39
Any tuna longline fishing vessel shall not catch southern bluefin tuna without permission, 
and in case of bycatch, the fishing vessel shall immediately discard such catch and record 
the amount of discard in the logbooks and E-logbook system.

In the event that the quota of the fish species with catch limit is exhausted, any tuna 
longline fishing vessel shall immediately discard any subsequent catch of such species and 
shall record the amount of discard on the logbooks and the E-logbook system.

Any tuna longline fishing vessel shall not catch or retain striped marlin, blue marlin, black 
marlin, or Indo-Pacific sailfish smaller than 60 centimeters Lower Jaw Fork Length (LJFL), and 
the incidental catch shall be released when being caught alive or discarded dead, and the 
number(s) shall be duly recorded on the logbooks and the E-logbook system.

Article 40
In case that any tuna fishing vessel finds any sea turtle during fishing operation, such vessel 
shall, where practicable, bring aboard any comatose or inactive sea turtle as soon as possible, 
and foster its recovery and return it to the sea at once after recovery. 

Any seabird, sea turtle, whale shark, cetacean, penguin or prohibited species promulgated by the 
competent authority incidentally caught by any tuna fishing vessel shall be released when caught 
alive or discarded dead, and the number(s) be duly recorded on the logbooks and the E-logbook 
system.

Article 41
The number(s) of any fish species of no economic value or no utilizing value caught and discarded 
by any tuna fishing vessel shall be released immediately, and number(s) discarded shall be duly 
recorded on the logbooks and the E-logbook system.

Article 42
The datum reported through the E-logbook system shall not be altered or amended, unless there is 
apparent error with the content and the competent authority has approved.

Article 43
The complete logbooks shall be maintained on board any tuna longline fishing vessel for at least 
one year. 

Article 44
The discrepancy between the catch amount recorded in the E-logbook during one fishing trip of 
any tuna longline fishing vessel and the actual landing amount shall not exceed the following 
margins:
(1)For species with catch limit: 10% of the actual landing amount.
(2)For albacore tuna, oil fish, swordfish, or blue marlin: 20% of the actual landing amount.
(3)For species except for those referred to in the preceding two subparagraphs: 25% of the 
actual landing amount.

In case that the discrepancy exceeds the ratio as referred to in the preceding paragraph, 
whereas the following provisions are met, the competent authority, at its discretion, may 
deem such situation as non-misreporting:
(1)For species with catch limit, the discrepancy is less than two metric tons.
(2)For albacore tuna, oil fish, swordfish, or blue marlin, the discrepancy is less than 
four metric tons.
(3)For species except for those referred to in the preceding two subparagraphs, the 
discrepancy is less than six metric tons.

The discrepancy as referred to in subparagraphs (1) and (2) of the preceding two paragraphs 
shall be calculated by each species. The discrepancy as referred to in subparagraph (3) of 
the preceding two paragraphs shall be calculated by sharks and other species respectively. 

Article 45
Any of the following conditions shall be defined as “seriously misreporting” as referred 
to in subparagraph (12) of Article 13, paragraph 1 of the Act:
(1)For fish species with catch limit, the discrepancy between the catch amount recorded in 
the E-logbook and the actual landing amount exceeds two metric tons as well as 20% of the 
actual landing amount. 
(2)For albacore tuna, oil fish, swordfish, or blue marlin, the discrepancy between the 
catch amount recorded in the E-logbook and the actual landing amount exceeds four metric 
tons as well as 50% of the actual landing amount.
(3)For species except for those referred to in the preceding two subparagraphs, the 
discrepancy between the catch amount recorded in the E-logbook and the actual landing 
amount exceeds six metric tons as well as 50% of the actual landing amount.

The discrepancy as referred to in subparagraphs (1) and (2) of the preceding paragraph 
shall be calculated by each species. The discrepancy as referred to in subparagraph (3) 
of the preceding paragraph shall be calculated by sharks and other species respectively.

Chapter VIII Management of Shark Catch
Article 46
For any tuna longline fishing vessel employing ice chilling method to preserve its sharks 
catches, shark fins shall not be fully cut off and shall be naturally attached to the 
carcasses (hereinafter referred to as “fins naturally attached”), and such vessels shall 
not retain onboard, carry, transship, and land shark catches whose fins are not naturally 
attached .

For any large scale longliner employing freezing method to preserve its sharks catches 
and transporting such sharks catches to land in a domestic port,, shark fins shall be 
naturally attached.

For any small scale longliner employing freezing method to preserve its sharks catches 
and transporting such sharks catches to land in a domestic port, shark fins shall be 
naturally attached or alternatively the dorsal fins and pectoral fins shall be tied to 
the corresponding carcass, while the caudal fins may be stored separately. The caudal 
fins and carcasses shall be transshipped or landed concurrently in the same shipment, 
and the number of caudal fins shall be consistent with that of carcasses.

Article 47
Any fishing vessel employing freezing method to preserve shark catches shall transship 
or land shark carcasses and fins concurrently in the same shipment in case of at-sea 
transshipment.

When sharks catches of the fishing vessels as referred to in the preceding paragraph 
arrive at the first foreign port of landing, the weight of fins shall not be more than 
5% of the weight of the shark catches.

Article 47-1
Tuna longline fishing vessels shall fully utilize the shark catch, which shall not be 
discarded except the head, guts and skins.

Chapter IX The Designation and Management of Ports for Transshipment or Landing
Article 48
Any tuna longline fishing vessel intending to conduct transshipment or landing in a 
domestic port or a foreign port located in the Indian Ocean shall be limited to the 
ports stipulated in Appendix 13.

Any fishing vessel with the distant water fisheries permit to fish in the Atlantic 
or Pacific Ocean applying for landing or transshipping in the ports as referred to 
in the preceding paragraph shall apply for the authorization from the competent 
authority 14 days before the fishing vessel enters into the port.

Article 49
Any carrier vessel intending to transship catches from tuna longline fishing 
vessel(s) shall meet any of the following requirements:
(1)It is a carrier vessel of the Republic of China and has obtained the distant 
water fisheries permit; or 
(2)It is a foreign carrier vessel listed on the carrier list of the India Ocean 
Tuna Commission (hereinafter referred to as “IOTC”), and has been installed with 
the ALC which meets the standards specified by the competent authority. At least 
one position shall be sent hourly to the commissioned professional institution.   

Article 50
Any carrier vessel of the Republic of China shall not transship with, refuel or 
supply any fishing vessel not listed in the authorized fishing vessel list of IOTC, 
or any fishing vessel that has altered its name or registration number.

Article 51
In case of any of the following circumstances, the competent authority shall list 
the foreign carrier vessel concerned which transships catches from tuna longline 
fishing vessel(s) on the non-cooperative carriers list:
(1)The foreign carrier vessel has violated any provision regarding vessel position 
reporting;
(2)The foreign carrier vessel has violated any provision regarding transshipment 
or landing.

Article 52
Any tuna longline fishing vessel under 24 meters shall not conduct transshipment 
at sea.

Article 53
Any carrier vessel intending to conduct transshipment at sea shall receive an 
observer in accordance with the IOTC regional observer program to conduct 
observation mission on board. For any carrier vessel intending to conduct transshipment 
in port, it shall receive the observer designated by the competent authority to conduct 
observation mission on board.

Any distant water fisheries operator whose tuna longline fishing vessel(s) conducts 
transshipment at sea in the Indian Ocean shall share the cost for the implementation of 
the IOTC regional observer program.

Article 54
For any carrier vessel intending to transship at sea, the distant water fisheries 
operator shall submit the transshipment plan and relevant information (as shown in 
Appendix 14) and apply to the competent authority 30 days before the at-sea transshipment 
for approval. In case that the last day for filing the application is a national holiday, 
the application shall be made on the working day before the national holiday. 

Any foreign carrier vessel shall, with the enclosure of relevant information as shown in 
Appendix 14, apply to the competent authority for approval before conducting the 
transshipment in port with any tuna longline fishing vessel for the first time in the 
current year.

In case of any addition to the list of the tuna longlie fishing vessel(s) in the transshipment 
plan approved by the competent authority, the application shall be submitted three working 
days before making such addition to the competent authority for approval. The transshipment 
with the concerned tuna longline fishing vessel(s) may only be conducted after the approval 
has been granted. Any application submitted after the prescribed deadline shall be denied.

Article 55
In case of any of the following circumstances, the application of transshipment plan made 
in accordance with Article 54 shall be denied:
(1)The carrier vessel concerned does not meet the requirements stipulated in Article 49;
(2)Three years have not passed since the carrier vessel concerned was listed on the 
non-cooperative carriers list; or
(3)The fine for violating the Act imposed on the carrier vessel has not been paid
 completely.

Article 56
Any tuna longline fishing vessel and carrier vessel that intends to conduct transshipment 
shall respectively apply for the approval from the competent authority before the 
transshipment.

Any distant water fisheries operator or captain applying for the approval as referred to 
in the preceding paragraph shall fill in the Transshipment Notification (format as shown 
in Appendix 15) and submit it to the competent authority in accordance with the following 
prescribed timeframe:
(1)For at sea transshipment: no later than three working days before the estimated date 
for transshipment.
(2)For in port transshipment: no later than three days before the estimated date for 
transshipment. In case that the last day for filing the application is a national holiday, 
the application shall be made on the working day before the national holiday. 

Fishing vessels approved by the competent authority to conduct transshipment may transship 
the catch on the approved date or within three days after the approved date.

For any transshipment to be conducted not within the period as referred to in the preceding 
paragraph, the distant water fisheries operator or the captain concerned shall apply for the 
change of transshipment date and obtain the approval from the competent authority before 
conducting the transshipment.

Article 57
For any tuna longline fishing vessel or carrier vessel that is under any of the following 
circumstances during the current fishing trip, the competent authority shall not authorize 
such vessel to transship at sea: 
(1)The ALC on board is mal-functional and has not been repaired.
(2)There is concrete evidence to identify such vessel has involved in any serious infringement 
as prescribed in subparagraph (4) to (14) or (18) of Article 13, paragraph 1 of the Act.  
(3)For species with catch limit, the discrepancy between the amount to be transshipped and the 
catch amount reported through the E-logbook system exceeds 10% of the latter.
(4)For albacore tuna, oil fish, swordfish, or blue marlin, the discrepancy between the amount 
to be transshipped and the catch amount reported through the E-logbook system exceeds 20% of 
the latter.
(5)For sharks and other species, the discrepancy between the amount to be transshipped and 
the catch amount reported through the E-logbook system exceeds 25% of the latter.

For any tuna longline fishing vessel or carrier vessel that is under any of the following 
circumstances during current fishing trip, the competent authority may not authorize such 
vessel to transship at sea:
(1)For the catches to be transshipped, it is suspected that the vessel applying for the 
transshipment has operated within the water under the jurisdiction of any other country 
without valid authorization.
(2)The following infractions reported by observers of IOTC regional observer program have 
not been improved:
i.No valid fishing license on board.
ii.No logbook as designated by the competent authority on board.
iii.Any vessel marking that is not marked in accordance with Article 16 to 18.
(3)The Transshipment Notification as referred to in Article 56, paragraph 2 is not filled 
in completely.

The amount to be transshipped as referred to in subparagraphs (3) and (4) of paragraph 1 
shall be calculated by each species. The amount to be transshipped as referred to in 
subparagraph (5) of paragraph 1 shall be calculated by sharks and other species 
respectively.
 
Article 58
In the event that the catch of any tuna longline fishing vessel has been landed in a port 
and is subsequently transported by a carrier vessel for port departure, it shall be deemed 
as transshipment, and Article 56 shall apply.

Article 59
The tuna longline fishing vessel or carrier vessel which obtains the approval to 
transship pursuant to Article 56 shall not conduct the transshipment in the event that 
the ALC on board is signal-lost and has not been repaired.

Article 60
For any transshipment in the Indian Ocean conducted by a carrier vessel, the IOTC 
Transshipment Declaration shall, within 24 hours after the completion of such transshipment, 
be filled in and submitted to the IOTC and the competent authority. The format of the IOTC 
Transshipment Declaration is as shown in Appendix 16.

Any carrier vessel shall, within 24 hours after the completion of transshipment in port, 
submit the Transshipment Declaration to the competent authority. The format of the 
Transshipment Declaration is as shown in Appendix 16.

The distant water fisheries operator or the captain of any tuna longline fishing vessel 
shall, within seven working days after the completion of transshipment, submit the 
Transshipment Declaration to the competent authority. The format of the Transshipment 
Declaration is as shown in Appendix 16.

Article 61
For any tuna longline fishing vessel landing its catch in a domestic or foreign port, 
the following person(s) shall fill in the Advance Notice of Landing, format of which 
is as shown in Appendix 17, and submit it to the competent authority for approval by 
the following deadline; and in case that the last day for filing the application is 
a national holiday, the application shall be made on the working day before the 
national holiday:  
(1)For the landing conducted by a tuna longline fishing vessel, its distant water 
fisheries operator or captain shall submit it no later than three days before the 
estimated date for landing.
(2)For the landing conducted by a tuna longline fishing vessel with the catch 
subsequently being transported by commissioning a container vessel, the distant water 
fisheries operator or the captain of such longline vessel shall submit it no later than 
three days before the estimated date for landing.
(3)For the landing conducted by a carrier vessel, the distant water fisheries operator 
of a tuna longline fishing vessel shall submit it no later than three days before the 
estimated date for landing. 

Notwithstanding the provision stipulated in the preceding paragraph, for any tuna longline 
fishing vessel that employs ice-chilling method to preserve its catch and lands in a port 
of a foreign country with which the fisheries cooperation is engaged, its distant water 
fisheries operator or captain shall submit the Advance Notice of Landing no later than 
one day before the estimated date for landing. In case that the last day for filing 
the application is a national holiday, the application shall be made on the working day 
before the national holiday.

Fishing vessels approved by the competent authority to conduct landing may land the catch 
on the approved date or within three days after the approved date.

For any landing to be conducted not within the period as referred to in the preceding
paragraph, the distant water fisheries operator or the captain concerned shall apply for 
the change of the date for landing and obtain the approval from the competent authority 
before conducting the landing.

Article 61-1
For any tuna longline fishing vessel whose catch is landed at a foreign port and 
transported to a domestic port by a container vessel, the distant water fisheries operator 
of such tuna longline vessel shall, no later than three days before the container vessel’s 
port entry, notify the competent authority of the time for port entry and the name of the 
port.

Article 62
Upon the completion of landing of any tuna longline fishing vessel, the following person(s) 
shall fill in and submit to the competent authority the Landing Declaration, format of which 
is as shown in Appendix 17, by the prescribed deadline: 
(1)For the landing conducted by a tuna longline fishing vessel, its distant water 
fisheries operator or captain shall submit the Declaration within five working days after 
the completion of landing.
(2)For the landing conducted by a tuna longline fishing vessel with the catch subsequently 
being transported by commissioning a container vessel, the distant water fisheries operator 
of such longline vessel shall submit the Declaration within five working days after the 
container(s) containing such catch unloads and completes customs clearance.
(3)For the landing conducted by a carrier vessel, the distant water fisheries operator 
of a tuna longline fishing vessel shall submit the Declaration within five working days 
after the completion of landing by the carrier vessel.

The term “completion of landing” as referred to in these Regulations means the catch 
landed at a port has completed its whole weighing process.

Article 63
The distant water fisheries operator and captain of any fishing vessel shall accept port 
inspections conducted by the competent authority or the independent third party for 
verification of the catch landed or transshipped.

The distant water fisheries operator or captain of any fishing vessel that is designated 
by the competent authority to be inspected shall comply with the following:
(1)For inspections conducted by the competent authority, the landing or transshipment 
shall be started only after the person(s) of the competent authority has arrived.
(2)For inspections conducted by the independent third party, the contact with the 
independent third party shall be made, and the landing and transshipment shall be started 
only after the person(s) of the independent third party has arrived.

Article 64
The distant water fisheries operator of any tuna longline fishing vessel shall, within 
60 days after the completion of landing, submit sales or inventory information to the 
competent authority. The sales information shall at least include buyer(s), fish species 
and quantities.   

Chapter X Observation and Inspection during Fishing Operations
Article 65
The distant water fisheries operator of any fishing vessel that receives the observer 
dispatched by the competent authority, any foreign country with which the fisheries 
cooperation is engaged, or any international fisheries organization shall comply with 
the following:
(1)He/she shall notify the competent authority in writing seven working days before the 
date of intended port entry or departure.
(2)To embark and disembark the observer at the time and place informed by the competent 
authority.
(3)To provide the observer, while onboard the vessel, with food, accommodation, adequate 
sanitary amenities, and medical facilities of a reasonable standard equivalent to those 
normally available to an officer onboard the vessel.
(4)To instruct the captain and crew of the vessel matters related to the cooperation with 
or assisting the observer in carrying out the duties.

Article 66
The captain of any fishing vessel that receives the observer dispatched by the competent 
authority, any foreign country with which the fisheries cooperation is engaged, or any 
international fisheries organization shall comply with the following:
(1)The captain shall attend the pre-sail training course given by the competent 
authority.
(2)When an observer is on board the fishing vessel, the captain shall inform the observer 
of the daily routine, personal safety and vessel equipment.
(3)The captain shall cooperate with and assist the observer in carrying out duties, 
and shall not evade, obstruct or refuse to answer the inquiry related to the observation 
mission.
(4)The captain shall not interfere with, assault, intimidate, or bribe the observer.
(5)The captain shall provide the observer with adequate space, facilities, equipment and 
information on the vessel necessary for his daily living and for carrying out his/her 
duties.
(6)The captain shall request the crew to comply with the provision stipulated in the 
preceding three subparagraphs.
(7)The captain shall sign on the record(s) of observation written by the observer. In 
case there are different views on the record(s) of the observer, captain’s opinions 
may be added.
(8)The captain shall ensure the safety of the observer. In case of emergency or distress, 
special care and refuge shall be provided to the observer.

Article 67
In the event of boarding and inspection conducted by the inspector(s) dispatched by the 
competent authority, any captain and crew of the inspected vessel shall cooperate with, 
facilitate the safe boarding and disembarkation of the inspector(s), and provide the 
inspector(s) with adequate space, facilities and equipment for carrying out the duties.

Chapter XI Special Management Measures for High Risk Fishing Vessels
Article 68
Matters related to the management of high risk fishing vessels categorized by the 
competent authority shall be governed by this Chapter. Matters not stipulated in this
 Chapter shall be governed by these Regulations.

Article 69
Any distant water fisheries operator of the high risk fishing vessels shall, starting 
from the date that the competent authority informs the distant water fisheries operator 
of such vessel, comply with the special management measures as follows:
(1)Any high risk fishing vessel shall not engage in fisheries cooperation by means of 
being chartered to any foreigner. 
(2)For each fishing trip of such vessel, the observer dispatched by the competent 
authority shall be carried on board, or the functional electronic monitoring equipment 
shall be installed on board before leaving a port. For such vessel that has carried on 
board the observer who meets the requirement of the international fisheries 
organization(s), it shall be exempted.
(3)Vessel positions shall be transmitted in accordance with Chapter VI.
(4)Catch reports shall be conducted in accordance with provisions stipulated in Chapter 
VII.
(5)Such vessel shall not conduct at-sea transshipment.
(6)For transshipment in port, the Transshipment Notification shall be filled in to 
apply for the approval of the competent authority, no later than seven days before 
the estimated date for transshipment.
(7)For landing in port, the Advance Notice of Landing shall be filled in to apply for 
the approval of the competent authority, no later than seven days before the estimated 
date for landing.
(8)In case of transshipment or landing in port, inspections shall be conducted by the 
competent authority or the independent third party.

Article 70
In the event that any high risk fishing vessel does not violate any regulation for one 
year starting from the date of being listed as high risk fishing vessel, such vessel 
shall be de-listed and exempted from the special management measures.

Chapter XII Supplemental Provisions
Article 71
Any tuna longline fishing vessel shall not fish within one nautical mile off a data buoy, 
or take on board, possess or cause damage to the data buoy. 

In case that the fishing gear becomes entangled with the data buoy, the entangled 
fishing gear shall be removed with as little damage to the data buoy as possible.

In case of finding any data buoy that is damaged or non-functional, the captain shall 
report to the competent authority the date, location, and the identifying information 
on the data buoy.

Article 72
To prevent harming marine living species, any fishing vessel shall not dispose any type 
of plastic trash or discharge any oil on the sea.

Article 72-1
For the purpose of these Regulations, the catch amount is the unprocessed round weight.

The conversion factors between the weights of processed fish and round fish are as shown 
in Appendix 18.

Article 73
These Regulations shall become effective on January 20, 2017.

Amendments to these Regulations shall become effective on the date of promulgation.

 
圖表附件(Attachments)