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法規名稱(Title) Veterinary Drugs Control Act Ch
公發布日(Date) 2013.01.23
法規沿革(Legislative) 1.Promulgated on August 16, 1971
2.Article 2, 15, 19, 22, 25, 26, 29, 30 and 46 were amended and
 promulgated on June 19, 2002.
3.Article 3-1, 3-2, 7, 12, 12-1 to 12-4, 16, 16-1, 18, 18-1, 23,
 24, 32, 32-1 to 32-3, 40 and 41 were amended and promulgated
 on December 18, 2002.
4.Article 34, 37, 38 and 45 were deleted; article 26, 32-3, 33,
 35, 36, 39, 40 and 41 were amended and promulgated on December
 3, 2008.
5.Article 12-3 was deleted; Articles 12, 14, 26, 33, 35, 36, 40
 and 43 were amended and promulgated on January 23, 2013; Articles
 14-1 and 14-2 were added and promulgated on January 23, 2013.
法規內文(Content)

Article 1
This Act is enacted to improve the quality of veterinary drugs,
maintain animal health and promote the development of the
livestock industry.


Article 2
For the purposes of this Act, the term "competent authority"
denotes the Council of Agriculture of the Executive Yuan at the
central government level, the municipal city government at the
municipal city level, and the county/city government at the
county/city level.


Article 3
For the Purposes of this Act, the term "veterinary drugs" denotes
any of the following bulk materials, formulated preparations, or
over-the-counter drugs:
1.Serum, preventive inoculum, diagnostics and other medicines with
 the efficacy of veterinary biological products exclusively for
 preventing, diagnosing and treating animal diseases;
2.Antibiotics exclusively for preventing or treating animal
 diseases; or
3.Medicines other than those under the previous two sub-paragraphs
 exclusively for preventing or treating animal diseases or
 enhancing or regulating the physiological functions of animals.
Article 3-1
The said formulated preparation indicates a veterinary drug which
is produced from raw materials by formulation process, and is
prepared as a proper formulation and dosage.
The Central competent authority shall announce the category of the
formulated preparation.
The formulated preparation shall be classified into veterinarian
(or veterinarian assistant) prescribed drugs as well as
non-prescribed drugs.
The items prescribed by veterinarian, their sales conditions as
well as the indications on applying such prescription of
veterinarian (or veterinarian assistant) prescribed drugs as
described in the previous paragraph shall be announced by the
central competent authority.
Article 3-2
The said new drug indicates a new chemical entity, new combination,
new indication, new route of administration, new dosage form, or
new dose of veterinary drugs, which is examined by the central
competent authority.


Article 4
For the purposes of this Act, the term "counterfeit drugs" denotes
any veterinary drugs in any of the following situations confirmed
upon inspection:
1.Where the drugs are manufactured without the prior approval of
 the competent authority;
2.Where the drugs are substituted for or mixed with products of
 third parties;
3.Where the labeling in respect of the validity has been crossed
 out or altered;
4.Where the description of the ingredients contained does not
 conform to what has been approved; or
5.Where approval seals are not affixed in accordance with Article
 18.
 

Article 5
For the purposes of this Act, the term "forbidden drugs" denotes
any of the following veterinary drugs:
1.Toxic and hazardous drugs from the manufacture, prescription,
 importation, export, sale or display of which is banned by the
 central competent authority by way of public notice; or
2.Drugs imported without the prior approval of the competent
 authority.
 

Article 6
For the purposes of this Act, the term "inferior drugs" denotes
any veterinary drug  where the product registration of which has
been duly approved and with respect to which occurrence of any of
the following situations is confirmed upon analysis:
1.Where the quality, quantity or strength of the ingredients do
 not conform to the prescribed criteria;
2.Where the drugs are contaminated or have deteriorated either in
 whole or in part;
3.Where the shelf life has expired; or
4.Where the main therapeutic efficacies do not conform to what
 have been approved.
The central competent authority shall prescribe the criteria under
the first sub-paragraph.
 

Article 7
For the purposes of this Act, the term "veterinary drug manufacturer
denotes companies engaged in the manufacture or processing of
veterinary drugs, the wholesale or export of their products, and/or
the importation of bulk materials for sale.
The central competent authority shall prescribe the criteria,
procedures, and all required guidelines for veterinary drug
manufacturer that apply for importing bulk materials for their
production.
Bulk materials shall not be shifted or re-sold unless it is
permitted by the central competent authority.
 

Article 8
For the purposes of this Act, the term "veterinary drug dealers"
denotes companies engaged in the wholesale, retail, importation
and/or export of veterinary drugs.
 

Article 9
For the purposes of this Act, the term "label" denotes an
identification article used to specify, in words, picture or
symbol, the contents of a container or package of veterinary drugs.
 

Article 10
For the purposes of this Act, the term "packing insert" denotes
the description sheet attached to veterinary drugs.
 

Article 11
For the purposes of this Act, the term "approval seals" denotes
the seals, which the competent authority has allowed to be affixed
to veterinary biological drugs after the drugs, have passed the
inspection.
 

Article 12
To manufacture or import veterinary drugs, one shall apply to the
central competent authority for product registration and shall not
proceed to manufacture or import the drugs until the application
has been duly approved and a license obtained from the authority.
The application shall specify the ingredients, efficacy, summary
of preparation, analytic method and relevant information, and shall
be supported by certificates, labels, packing inserts and samples.
Payment of the license fees and inspection fees shall also be
attached.
The product registration, review procedure of the veterinary drug
and amendment, extension, replacement, renewal or revocation of
the license set forth in the preceding paragraph as well as any
other requirement shall be enacted by the central competent
authority.  
The manufacture or import of veterinary drug license, their
criteria to issue or the extension of its validity year based on
Good Manufacture Practice (GMP) by which shall be prescribed by
the central competent authority.
The review criteria and procedure of veterinary drugs which are
manufactured for the sole purpose of export may be simplified,
and such veterinary drugs shall not be sold in Taiwan or used
for any other purpose.
According to the characteristics of the drug, the central competent
authority shall undertake safety and efficacy studies on a new
drug by itself, or a commissioned institution (agency), or
institutions (agencies) approved by the central authority before
such drug is approved for registration, and the registration fee
shall be borne by the applicant. The regulations governing the
studies shall be enacted by the central competent authority.
 

Article 12-1
A veterinary drug license shall describe the following items in
full.
1.License number;
2.Name of the drug;
3.Name and address of the manufacturer or importer;
4.Name and address of the owner;
5.Name and address of the manufacture factory;
6.Formulation and package;
7.Ingredients and contents ;
8.Efficacy (Indications) ; and
9.Other items assigned by the central competent authority.
 

Article 12-2
Label and packing insert of veterinary drugs shall apply for and
obtain permission in advance and describe the following items in
full:
1.For animal use only;
2.Name and address of the manufacturer;
3.Name of the drug and the license number;
4.Ingredients, contents, usage, and dosage ;
5.Indications;
6.Side effects, contradiction, and other points for attention;
7.Withdrawal period;
8.Expired date or valid date; and
9.Others
Unless the item described in the previous paragraph has been
announced by the central competent authority may be exempted,
all items must be described in full.
 

Article 12-3 (deleted)


Article 12-4
The standard of competent authority in charging against
administrating license, testing, shall be prescribed by the central
competent authority under this Act.
 

Article 13
Unless otherwise approved by the central competent authority,
change in any of the registered material facts concerning any
veterinary drugs in the registration of which for manufacture or
importation has been duly approved shall not be permissible.
 

Article 14
A veterinary drug license for manufacture or importation purposes
shall be valid for five years. Where continuing manufacture or
importation is contemplated upon expiration of the validity, an
prior application for extension of the validity shall be filed
with the central competent authority for approval; provided each
such extension period shall not exceed five years. In the event
that an application for extension fails to be filed within the
deadline or the application is not approved which results in the
invalidity of the license, the central competent authority has
the right to directly cancel the license and publicize such
cancellation in the Government Gazette.  
The central competent authority may, for the protection of animal
and human health or other major reasons, re-evaluate the veterinary
drug and restrict its method and scope of use, and, in addition
thereto, revoke the aforementioned license within its valid period
as the case may be.
 

Article 14-1
In the event that a manufacturer or importer of a veterinary drug
uses untruthful data or certificate to apply for product registration,
license extension or amendment to the registration, the central
competent authority shall not approve such an application. In the
case of an application which has already been approved, the central
competent authority shall revoke the veterinary drug license. 
The central competent authority shall decline any re-application
made in the circumstance set forth in the preceding paragraph within
two years after the central competent authority disapproves the
application or revokes the veterinary drug license.
  

Article 14-2
In the event that a veterinary drug of which the license is cancelled
or revoked pursuant to this Act poses a threat to animal or human
health, the central competent authority may order the manufacturer
or dealer of the said veterinary drug to recall or destroy the
drugs within a stipulated time.
 

Article 15
Upon the incidence of statutory infectious diseases of domestic
animals or if said incidence is apprehended, the central competent
authority may take emergency measures to order or approve the
manufacture or importation of veterinary biological drugs.
 

Article 16
In addition to the factory registration in accordance with law, a
veterinary drug factory shall conform to the veterinary drug factory
establishment criteria.
Veterinary drug manufacturer shall apply for a veterinary drug
manufacturer certificate against the local agriculture competent
authority. Such application will then be transferred to the central
competent authority for classification and confirming its category
on drug manufacturing. Afterwards, it may then proceed to
registration for manufacturing establishment.
The central competent authority in cooperating with the central
industry competent authority shall prescribe the criteria of the
establishment as described in the preceding paragraph.
 

Article 16-1
Any production of veterinary drugs shall not be entrusted to another
manufacturer for production or entrusted to production unless
approved by the central competent authority. The guidelines for
entrusting production shall be prescribed by the central competent
authority.
 

Article 17
A veterinary drug factory manufacturing veterinary biological
drugs shall employ veterinarians and one manufacturing veterinary
antibiotics or ordinary drugs shall employ pharmacists to supervise
the manufacture of drugs at the factory.
 

Article 18
Veterinary biologics produced or taxed after importation by
manufacturers or importers should be sampled in batches by the
competent authority there of. No manufactured or imported
veterinary biological drugs shall be sold unless and until they
have passed the inspection and have been duly sealed.
The guidelines for the inspection described in the preceding
paragraph shall be prescribed by the central competent authority.
 

Article 18-1
If the inspection according to the previous Article could however
not pass the standard, the municipal city or county (city) competent
authority shall send the report to the applicant. The applicant
may request for re-testing, once only, after paying a re-test fee
within fourteen days on receiving this report.
If the veterinary drug could not pass the test and the applicant
does not apply for re-test within the assigned period, the municipal
city or county (city) competent authority shall monitor them to
be destroyed or must then be sent-back by the importer within a
time limit.
 

Article 19
No veterinary drug dealer shall commence its business until the
application, which it has filed with the local municipal city or
county/city competent authority has been considered “acceptable”
by the competent authority, and issue a veterinary drug dealer's
license.
The management guidelines concerning the licensing requirement,
items listed within the license certificate, and any modification
of the license, facility in the place to carry on business and
other regulations that a veterinary drug dealer shall comply with,
shall be prescribed by the central competent authority.
 

Article 20
Labels shall be affixed and packing inserts attached to veterinary
drugs. The words, "For animal use only" shall also be indicated.
The material facts to be specified on the labels and packing inserts
under the preceding paragraph shall be prescribed by the central
competent authority.
 

Article 21
A veterinary drug dealer shall in no event repack veterinary drugs.
Veterinary drugs which are imported in bulk and sold using the original
brand name after being repacked shall be repacked by a duly registered
veterinary drug manufacturer or a public organization designated
by the central competent authority.
No repacked veterinary drugs shall be sold unless and until they
have been duly affixed with a repacking label and sealed.
 

Article 22
No salespersons in the employment of a veterinary drug manufacturer
or dealer shall proceed with their sales until their employer has
requested them to be duly registered against the municipal city/county
competent authority, which includes any alteration of the salesperson.
Veterinary drug salesperson shall not sell drug(s) by whom do not
own ownership or dealership, and directly sell at the booth by the
street, open the seals of the container, repack or any advertisement
not legally approved.
 

Article 23
No samples or complimentary items of veterinary drugs or the
importation of which has been duly approved shall be sold.
Any approved imported veterinary drug license or controlled
veterinary drug under this Act shall not request for importation
by the name samples or complimentary items.
Control of the samples or complimentary items under the first
paragraph of this Article shall be in accordance with the regulations
prescribed by the central competent authority.
 

Article 24
No veterinary drugs where the manufacture of which has been duly
approved shall be exported unless and until the particular veterinary
drug manufacturer has obtained an export permit from the central
competent authority.
The export permit as described in the preceding paragraph is valid
for three months at the date of issue.
Application for veterinary drug exporting permit shall meet the
guidelines of Good Manufacture Practice (GMP) for their establishment.
Central competent authorities or assigned organization shall do
the sampling and submit to assigned organization for inspecting
their quality.
 

Article 25
The municipal or county/city competent authorities shall from time
to time assign their officers to inspect veterinary drug manufacturer's
place of manufacture and facilities as well as manufacturing processes,
devices, quality control and relevant information.
The central competent authority may, if necessary, assign officers
to conduct random inspection of the material facts under the preceding
paragraph.
In no event shall a veterinary drug manufacturer, without good cause
shown, refuse the random inspection or inspection conducted by the
competent authorities.
The municipal, or city/county competent authority may request
improvement within a deadline against the manufacturer after site
inspection has been conducted. However, without any improvement
being shown, the competent authority may report to the central
competent authority to order a partial or full shutdown of its
factory. On the production of any veterinary drug(s) which has
been condemned illegal, the competent authority shall report to
the central competent authority to cancel its veterinary drug
production license.
 

Article 26
The competent authorities may assign officers to the offices of
a veterinary drug manufacturer, dealer, veterinary hospital or
clinic or other users of veterinary drugs to conduct random
inspections of their drugs and to take samples at the original
prices thereof to inspect their quality.
The competent authorities may assign officers to animal, aquatic
farms or feed manufacturers to audit the usage of veterinary
drugs, and may conduct random physical examinations on animals.
In no event shall a veterinary drug manufacturer, dealer, veterinary
hospital or clinic , animal and aquatic farmer, feed manufacturer
or other user of veterinary drugs evade, hinder or refuse the above
inspection, sampling, audit, and examination.
If the competent authority discovers after inspection or examination
that a user uses a veterinary drug which is inconsistent with this
Act, the competent authority may order it to provide the information
in relation to the source of such drug. No veterinary drug manufacturer,
dealer, veterinary hospital or clinic, animal and aquatic farmer,
feed manufacturer or any other user of veterinary drugs may evade,
hinder or refuse such order, or provide untruthful data.
 

Article 27
In performing the duties under the first and second paragraphs of
Article 25 and the first paragraph of Article 26, inspectors of
veterinary drugs shall show their identification certificate.
 

Article 28
Where taking samples of veterinary drugs for appraisal purposes
is considered necessary in order to see if the drugs are counterfeit,
forbidden or inferior drugs suspected, the competent authority
shall cause the drugs to be sealed and order the manufacturer of
the drugs to issue an undertaking to hold them under penalty of
law.
Samples taken in accordance with the preceding paragraph shall
be appraised and disposed as soon as possible, at most within two
months of the discovery.
 

Article 29
Where an inspection discloses that the particular veterinary drug
domestically manufactured and found to be an inferior drug in accordance
with this Act will be usable after reprocessing, the municipal
or city/county competent authority shall assign officers to supervise
and order the manufacturer to complete the reprocessing within a
prescribed time limit. If the drug is imported under the approval
of the competent authority, the authority shall cause the drug to
be sealed, and the central competent authority shall order the
original importer to request the foreign-based manufacturer to
accept the return of said drug within a prescribed time limit.
 

Article 30
Any and all veterinary drugs, which are examined or inspected to
be counterfeit, forbidden, or inferior drugs shall be disposed in
accordance with the provisions of this Act; In addition, the following
actions shall also be taken:
1.The authority which issued the original license shall have the
 discretion to revoke all veterinary drugs the relevant license
 if the wrongdoer is discovered to have manufactured, imported
 or repacked counterfeit, forbidden or inferior veterinary drugs,
 or loaned its license to any other person for production, importing
 or repacking veterinary counterfeit or forbidden drugs.
2.Where counterfeit, forbidden or inferior veterinary drugs are
 offered for sale or displayed or stored with intent to offer
 them for sale, the municipal, city/county competent authority
 shall, after the punishment has been imposed on the wrongdoer,
 publish a public notice in the newspapers on the name and address
 of the business firm, name of its responsible person, name of
 the drugs concerned, and the material facts that constitute the
 crime charged. In case of repeated offenses, the competent authority,
 which issued the original license, shall have the authority to
 revoke all veterinary drug licenses or veterinary drug sales
 licenses.
3.Where inferior veterinary drugs are manufactured, imported, repacked
 and, offered for sale or displayed or stored with intent to
 offer them for sale, the city/county competent authority shall
 have the authority to publish a public notice in the newspapers
 on the name and address of the business firm, name of the
 responsible person, name of the drugs concerned and the material
 facts that constitute the crime charged. In case of gross violations
 or repeated offenses, the competent authority, which issued the
 original license, shall have the authority to revoke the related
 veterinary drug license and the veterinary drug sales license.
 

Article 31
Rewards shall be given to encourage the supply of information to
officers about counterfeit, forbidden or inferior veterinary drugs
banned under this Act. The central competent authority shall prescribe
the incentive program.
 

Article 32
Animal applied, usages, administrative methods, dosages, withdrawal
period, points for attentions shall follow the rules prescribed by
the central competent authority.
 

Article 32-1
Bulk materials shall be supplied to the manufacturer that own such
a valid license only.
 

Article 32-2
Veterinary drug manufacturer and importer shall report their seasonal
production quantity, variety, sales volume, sales target against
local municipal city, and county/city competent authority in January,
April, July, and October yearly.
Municipal city, county/city competent authority shall submit such
report to central competent authority at the end of January and
July yearly.
 

Article 32-3
Animal and aquatic farmers and feed manufacturers shall not use
veterinary drugs of unknown origin, manufacture or import without
authorization, or human drugs to prevent animal diseases or regulate
the physiological functions of animals.
Animal and aquatic farmers and feed manufacturers shall not use
the raw veterinary drug or human drug to prevent animal diseases
or regulate the physiological functions of animals.
Animal and aquatic farmers when applying a veterinary drug that
requires withdrawal period limitation shall not sell animals,
aquatic species, milk, eggs, or other edible products produced
prior to the expiry of withdrawal period for slaughter, processing,
or consumption.
 

Article 33
Whoever is guilty of manufacturing or importing counterfeit or
forbidden veterinary drugs shall be imprisoned for no less than
one year and no more than seven years; in addition, a fine of not
more than NTD4.5 million may also be imposed.
Whoever commits the crime set forth in the preceding paragraph
causing death of another shall be imprisoned for life for no less
than seven years; in the case of grievous bodily harm, the offender
shall be imprisoned for no less than three years and no more than
ten years.  
Whoever commits the crime set forth in Paragraph 1 by negligence
shall be sentenced to no more than three-year imprisonment, detention
or a fine of no more than NTD500,000.
Whoever is guilty of making an attempt to commit the crime in
Paragraph 1 shall also be punishable.
 

Article 34 (deleted)


Article 35
Whoever is guilty of repacking, selling, transporting, consigning
for storage, brokering, assigning displaying or storing with intent
to offer for sale counterfeit or forbidden veterinary drugs shall
be imprisoned for no less than six months and no more than five
years; in addition, a fine of not more than NTD5 million may also
be imposed.
Whoever commits the crime set forth in the preceding paragraph
causing death of another shall be imprisoned for no less than
seven years; in the case of grievous bodily harm, the offender
shall be imprisoned for no less than one year and no more than
seven years.  
Whoever commits the crime set forth in Paragraph 1 by negligence
shall be sentenced to no more than a two-year imprisonment, detention
or a fine of no more than NTD300,000.
Whoever is guilty of making an attempt to commit the crime in
Paragraph 1 shall also be punishable.
 

Article 36
Whoever is guilty of manufacturing or importing any inferior
veterinary drugs shall be fined no less than NTD60,000 and no more
than NTD300,000.
Whoever is guilty of repacking, selling, transporting, consigning
for storage, brokering, assigning displaying or storing with intent
to offer for sale inferior veterinary drugs shall be fined no less
than NTD30,000 and no more than NTD150,000.
 

Article 37 (deleted)


Article 38 (deleted)


Article 39
A veterinary drug manufacturer or dealer who is guilty of misrepresenting
or exaggerating any advertisement or sales promotion beyond what
is registered with the competent authority with respect to the
ingredients or efficacy of its veterinary drugs manufactured or
offered for sale shall be fined no less than NTD200,000 and no
more than NTD1 million.
 

Article 40
A fine ranging from NTD90,000 to NTD450,000 shall be imposed if
a person:
1.Violates the fourth paragraph of Article 3-1;
2.Violates the third paragraph of Article 7;
3.Violates the fourth paragraph of Article 12;
4.Violates Article 13 by changing the original registered material
 facts without the prior approval of the competent authority;
5.Violates the third paragraph of Article 16 by failing to meet
 the factory establishment criteria on the buildings, environment,
 equipments, facilities, and measures in factory, operation sites,
 inspection and storage sites, or health management of workers;
6.Violates Article 16-1 by entrusting or being entrusted to produce
 veterinary drugs without permission;
7.Violates Article 17 by failing to employ a veterinarian or a
 pharmacist;
8.Violates the first paragraph of Article 19 by operating business
 without a license; or the second paragraph of Article 19 on
 application of changing the original registered material facts
 of license, the hanging location of license, making or displaying
 of sales clerk identification cards, application of operation
 suspension, resumption or close, qualification and training of
 veterinary drugs management technicians, environment and equipment
 of operation sites, storage, transport, operation and recording
 sale information of drugs, duties of notifying information of
 drugs to buyers, reporting adverse response cases or offering
 of drug sale information to the competent authorities ;
9.Violates Articles 14-2, 20, 21, 24, the third paragraph of Article
 25 or the third paragraph of Article 26;
10.Violates the first or third paragraph of Article 23 on labeling
 of samples or complimentary items of veterinary drugs, setting,
 recording and keeping the records of related information;
11.Violates Article 32 by failing to meet the criteria on the drugs
 application of target animals or aquatic species, purpose, usage,
 amount, withdrawal period and notice matters, user qualification,
 preparation, setting, recording and keeping the records of related
 information;
12.Violate Article 32-1, 32-2, or Article 32-3.
In the event that an animal or aquatic farmer violates Paragraph
4 of Article 3-1, Paragraph 3 of Article 26, Article 32 or Paragraph
2 or 3 of Article 32-3, he or she shall be sentenced to a fine of
no less than NTD30,000 and no more than NTD150,000. In the case of
violation against Paragraph 1 of Article 32-3, the offender shall
be sentenced to a fine of no less than NTD60,000 and no more than
NTD300,000.
If the offender re-violates Paragraph 1 of Article 32-3 within one
year, the offender shall be sentenced to a fine of no less than
NTD500,000 and no more than NTD2,500,000.
Whoever commits the violation set forth in the two preceding
paragraphs causing harm to human health shall be imprisoned for
no more than seven years or, in addition thereto, a fine of no
more than NTD10,000,000. 
The competent authority shall publicize the name and address of
the enterprise, the name of the responsible person and the facts
surrounding the violation in the case of the preceding three paragraphs.
Whoever/whichever evades, hinders or refuses, or is unwilling to
provide the information in relation to the source of a veterinary
drug which is in violation of Paragraph 4 of Article 26 of this
Act shall be sentenced to a fine of no less than NTD30,000 and
no more than NTD150,000. 
 

Article 41
A fine ranging from NTD100,000 to NTD500,000 shall be imposed if
a person:
1.Violates Article 12-2 by printing un-authorized items on the
 label and packing insert;
2.Violates Article 15 without showing a good cause;
3.Violates the first paragraph of Article 22 by performing sales
 promotion without registering with the competent authority of
 the place of the sales promotion or paragraph 2 of Article 22;
4.Violates the first paragraph of Article 28 by refusing to issue
 an undertaking to hold the drugs in trust under penalty of law.
 

Article 42
Where the representative of a legal person, the agent, employee
or other practitioners of a legal or natural person violates any
of Articles 33 to 38 in the performance of their duties, not only
the wrongdoer shall be punished, but also the legal person or
natural person concerned shall also be fined according to the
particular Article.
 

Article 43
The equipment used for the manufacture and processing of veterinary
drugs, which are discovered in accordance with this Act to be
counterfeit or forbidden veterinary drugs, shall be confiscated
regardless of whether it is owned by the wrongdoer. The counterfeit
and forbidden drugs discovered shall also be destroyed.
Any and all veterinary drugs which are discovered in accordance
with this Act to be inferior but are neither reprocessed nor
returned within a prescribed time limit pursuant to Article 29
shall be confiscated and destroyed.
 

Article 44
Whoever is guilty of refusing to pay any fine imposed in accordance
with this Act shall be referred to the court for compulsory execution.


Article 45 (deleted)


Article 46
The municipal government or county/city government shall be authorized
to impose fines in accordance with this Act.
 

Article 47
The central competent authority shall establish the Enforcement
Rules of this Act.
 

Article 48
This Act shall become effective as of the date of promulgation.