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法規名稱(Title) Agro-pesticide Act Ch
公發布日(Date) 2007.07.18
法規沿革(Legislative) 1.Promulgated on January 6, 1972.
2.Amendment to Articles 2~4, 14, 15, 22, 25, 29, 32, 43~46, 48,
49, 52, 53 and addition of 5-1 and deletion of Article 50
promulgated on December 5, 1983.
3.Amendment to Articles 2, 16, 48 promulgated on May 5, 1986.
4.Amendment to Articles 6, 7, 14, 16, 27, 44, 46~48, 52, 53 and
addition of Article 29-1 promulgated on December 5, 1988.
5.Amendment to Articles 2, 21, 22, 29, 30 promulgated on June
19, 2002.
6.Amendment to Articles 13, 48 and addition of Articles 11-1,
11-2, 12-1, 13-1, 14-1, 21-1, 22-1, 40-1 promulgated on
December 18, 2002.
7.Amendment to all Articles promulgated on July 18, 2007.
法規內文(Content)

Chapter I. General Provisions
 
Article 1
   
This Act is enacted to protect agricultural production and ecological environment, prevent and eliminate pests, prevent hazards from agro-pesticides, strengthen agro-pesticide administration, promote the development of agro-pesticide industry, and enhance the safety of agricultural products.
 


Article 2   
For the purposes of this Act, the term "competent authority" denotes the Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan at the central level; the municipal government at the municipal level; and the county/city government at the county/city level.
 


Article 3   
The matters governed by the central competent authority are as follows:
1. Planning, compilation, supervision and implementation of
   national agro-pesticide administration policies, schemes and
   plans.
2. Enactment (formulation), review, interpretation and
   implementation of national agro-pesticide administration laws
   and regulations.
3. Research, development and advocacy of agro-pesticide
   administration.
4. Training and management of national agro-pesticide
   administrative personnel.
5. Supervision of national agro-pesticide administrative affairs.
6. Coordination or implementation of national agro-pesticide
   administration.
7. International cooperation and technical exchange regarding
   agro-pesticide administration.
8. Other matters related to national agro-pesticide administration.

 

Article 4   
The matters governed by municipal or county/city competent authority are as follows:
1. Planning and implementation of implementation schemes and
   plans regarding agro-pesticide administration in the area under its
   jurisdiction.
2. Implementation of agro-pesticide administration laws and
   regulations, as well as enactment (formulation), interpretation
   and implementation of autonomous regulations on agro-pesticide
   administration in the area under its jurisdiction.
3. Research, development and advocacy of agro-pesticide
   administration in the area under its jurisdiction.
4. Data statistics and report of agro-pesticide administration in the
   area under its jurisdiction.
5. Other matters related to agro-pesticide administration in the area
   under its jurisdiction.
 


Article 5   
The terms used in this Act are as defined as follows:
1. Agro-pesticide: denotes formulated agro-pesticides and technical
   grade agro-pesticide.
2. Formulated agro-pesticide: denotes the chemicals or
   biologically-based formulations listed below:
 (1) Those used for preventing and eliminating pests of crops and
     forest or the products thereof;
 (2) Those used for regulating the growth of crops and forest or for
     influencing the physiological functions thereof;
 (3) Those used for regulating the growth of beneficial insects;
 (4) Any other chemicals designated by the central competent
     authority for protecting plants.
3. Technical grade pesticide: denotes any and all active ingredients
   or raw materials required for the manufacturing of formulated
   agro-pesticides referred to in the preceding paragraph. However,
   any and all technical grade pesticides shall be deemed
   formulated agro-pesticides as long as they be directly used for
   any of the purposes under the preceding paragraph and are
   approved and promulgated by the central competent authority.
4. Labelling: denotes the illustrative text, patterns or marks on the
   container, packaging or enclosed specification of agro-pesticides.
5. Agro-pesticide manufacturers: denotes those engaged in the
   manufacture, processing and repackaging of agro-pesticides as
   well as the wholesale and export of agro-pesticides, and the
   import of technical grade agro-pesticides for self-use;
   manufacturers also may be engaged in the retail of their own
   products.
6. Agro-pesticide dealers: denotes those engaged in the wholesale,
   retail, import and export of agro-pesticides.
7. Manufacturing: denotes the process of producing raw materials
   into technical grade agro-pesticides.
8. Processing: denotes the process of producing technical grade
   agro-pesticides into formulated agro-pesticides.

 

Article 6   
For the purpose of this Act, the term "prohibited agro-pesticides" denotes any and all agro-pesticides prohibited by the central government in public announcement from being manufactured, processed, repackaged, imported, exported, sold or used.
 


Article 7   
For the purposes of this Act, the term "counterfeit agro-pesticides" denotes any of the following agro-pesticides:
1. Agro-pesticides manufactured, processed or imported without
   prior approval;
2. Agro-pesticides in which the content of other active ingredients
   added exceeds the standard limits set forth by the central
   competent authority;
3. Agro-pesticides which have been replaced with domestic or
   foreign products;
4. Agro-pesticides whose validity labelling has been erased or
   altered;
5. Agro-pesticides whose description of active ingredients is
   inconsistent with that approved

 

Article 8   
For the purposes of this Act, the term "inferior agro-pesticides" denotes any duly registered agro-pesticides concerning which any of the following situations has arisen:
1. The content of the active ingredients does not conform to the
   standard specifications prescribed;
2. The validity has expired;
3. The quality other than the content of the active ingredients
   referred to in the first paragraph does not conform to the
   standard  specifications prescribed.

 

Chapter II. Registration

Article 9   
Agro-pesticides shall not be manufactured, processed, or imported without having passed the examination of, approval for registration with, and obtained a permit from the central competent authority, unless otherwise prescribed in this Act or in case that the agro-pesticides are promulgated by the central competent authority as non-controlled agro-pesticides.

 

Article 10   
Before the agro-pesticide manufacturers and dealers apply for approval of registration for formulated agro-pesticides, the agro-pesticides shall pass the tests according to the standard specifications for agro-pesticides prescribed by the central competent authority, and pass the examination of the data of physicochemical property test, toxicity test and field test. However, if one of the following conditions applies, then all or a part of the data of field test and toxicity test may be exempted from examination.
1.If the formulated product has previously obtained approval for
  registration eight years before.
2.If the formulated product has previously obtained approval for
  registration and received a permit, and the permit holder agrees
  authorization for the use of test data.
Technical grade agro-pesticides shall be exempted from field test.
The field test shall be exempted if a registered formulated product had applied for the permit of a comparatively safer new formulation and had been approved by the central competent authority
The directions for the standard specifications, physicochemical property test, toxicity test and field test under paragraph one shall be prescribed by the central competent authority.
 


Article 11   
For the purpose of solving the lack of preventive chemicals for the pests of minority crops, the competent authority may carry out the field tests for the new use and application of agro-pesticide, and extend the use according to the actual circumstances; the conducting procedures shall be promulgated by the central competent authority.

 

Article 12   
The inspection methods of agro-pesticide standard specifications shall be promulgated by the central competent authority; if there without proclamation, a feasible method in current use shall be referred to.

 

Article 13   
The central competent authority shall promulgate the common name, active ingredients and the contents, the use and the scope of application of a registered agro-pesticide.

 

Article 14   
The use and change of pesticide labeling shall be approved by the central competent authority at first, and after the original labeling shall be replaced within six months from such a change occurs.
The regulations governing the text, due contents, the pattern of warning and attention marks, and other relevant prescription regarding the agro-pesticide labelling under the preceding paragraph shall be prescribed by the central competent authority.

 

Article 15   
An agro-pesticide permit shall specify the following:
1. Permit number, date of registration, and period of validity;
2. Personal/business name and address of the manufacturer or
   dealer, name of responsible person, and the name and address of
   original manufacturer overseas;
3. Common name, manufacturer brand, type of formulation, and
   physical properties of the agro-pesticides as well as description
   and percentage of active ingredients and other ingredients
   thereof;
4. Application method of agro-pesticides and its scope;
5. Other matters promulgated by the central competent authority.
Unless otherwise approved by the competent authority, change in any of the registered material facts under the preceding paragraph shall not be permissible.
Upon any change in the standard specifications of an agro-pesticide, the registrant of the related pesticide permit shall, within six months after the change, be filed for the alteration of the registration.

 

Article 16   
An agro-pesticide permit shall be valid for five years. An application for extension of said validity may be filed with the central competent authority within six months of the expiration;provided each extension shall not exceed five years.
Inspection of agro-pesticide standard specifications may be waived with respect to the application for extension under the preceding paragraph.
The regulations governing the application for, issuance, re-issuance, exchange, extension, and alteration of the registered affairs of agro-pesticide permit referred to in Paragraph One as well as the relevant affairs shall be established by the central competent authority.

 

Article 17   
If an agro-pesticide manufacturer or importer uses fake data or certificates to apply for approval and registration of agro-pesticide, extension of permit or alteration of registration, the central competent authority shall not approve such application; if approved, shall revoke the agro-pesticide permit.
In case of severe violation referred to in the preceding paragraph, the central competent authority shall not receive re-applications filed by the violator within two years from the day when the application is not approved or the permit is revoked.

 

Article 18   
The central competent authority may perform safety assessment over the registered agro-pesticides; if an agro-pesticide endangers the health of human body or pollutes the environment, restrict the use or its scope of application according to the actual necessity; or declare it to be prohibited agro-pesticides and abolish the agro-pesticide permit.
The central competent authority may perform effect assessment over the use and scope of registered agro-pesticides; if the effect is not obvious and there is no safety problems mentioned in the preceding paragraph, may make a public notice to restrict the use and scope of application in whole or in part.
For the agro-pesticides the permit of which is abolished or the use and scope of which are restricted as prescribed in the preceding two paragraphs, if it is proven by scientific method that the reason for abolishment or restriction has been eliminated, the central competent authority may make a public notice to recover the registration or cancel the restriction.

 

Article 19   
If the permit of an agro-pesticide is abolished or revoked under this Act, the central competent authority may order the manufacturers or dealers to call back or destroy the said agro-pesticide within a specified time limit.

 

Chapter III. Manufacturing, Import and Export
 
Article 20 
 
An agro-pesticide manufacturer shall establish an agro-pesticide factory. In addition to the factory registration to be obtained in accordance with the applicable laws and regulations, the factory established shall satisfy the agro-pesticides factory establishment criteria.
The agro-pesticide factory establishment criteria under the preceding paragraph, including the workshop, warehouse, production equipment, testing equipment, pollution control equipment, safety and health facilities, the qualifications of full-time technicians, as well as other relevant matters, shall be prescribed by the central competent authority in concert with the Ministry of Economic Affairs, the Council of Labor Affairs and the Environmental Protection Administration of the Executive Yuan.

 

Article 21   
An agro-pesticide factory, the establishment of which has been duly approved, may apply to purchase the raw materials required for test-run purposes after orders for machinery and equipment have been placed.
 


Article 22   
Unless under the approval of the central competent authority, an agro-pesticide manufacturer shall not authorize or accept the authorization to process the formulated agro-pesticides.
The central competent authority shall prescribe the regulations governing the qualifications of the consignor and consignee as well as other relevant matters.

 

Article 23   
Formulated agro-pesticides shall be repackaged with the prior approval of the central competent authority and only by an agro-pesticide factory with equipment for producing agro-pesticides of the same formulation.

 

Article 24   
With the approval of the central competent authority, the following agro-pesticides may be exempted from the restrictions prescribed in Article 9:
1. Those dedicated for experimental research, educational
   demonstration or emergency prevention.
2. Those imported and dedicated for processing and exporting.
3. Those manufactured or processed exclusively for exporting.
The agro-pesticides listed in the preceding paragraph must not be sold in Taiwan or used for other purposes. However, this shall not apply if such ago-pesticides are sold in Taiwan for emergency prevention.
The regulations governing the application for, examination and other relevant matters of the agro-pesticides listed in the first paragraph shall be prescribed by the central competent authority.
 


Article 25   

Only the agro-pesticide manufacturers may apply for import of technical grade agro-pesticides.
The technical grade agro-pesticides imported with approval shall be self-use only and must not be transferred, unless otherwise approved by the central competent authority.

 

Chapter IV. Sale and Use
 
Article 26 
 
An agro-pesticide dealer shall designate full-time managers and before proceeding to do business, first apply to the local municipality or county/city competent authority for issuing an agro-pesticide dealer's license.
The relevant autonomous regulations governing the examination of application under the preceding paragraph shall be prescribed by the corresponding municipal or county/city competent authority.
The regulations governing the training and qualification requirements of the managers under the first paragraph, the acquisition, revoking and abolishment of their certificates and other relevant matters shall be prescribed by the central competent authority.

 

Article 27   
An agro-pesticide dealer's license shall specify the following:
1. Name of the agro-pesticide dealer.
2. Address of business place.
3. Name of responsible person.
4. Category of business.
5. Other matters promulgated by the competent authority.
 


Article 28   
Technical grade pesticides shall be sold only to agro-pesticide manufacturers.

 

Article 29   
An agro-pesticide dealer shall observe the following provisions:
1. Hang the agro-pesticide dealer's license visibly in the business
   place.
2. Do not sell formulated agro-pesticides outside the business
   place.
3. Do not sell formulated agro-pesticides with the original package
   unsealed.
4. Do not sell agro-pesticides without labelling.
5. Separate agro-pesticides from others if the dealer also sells other
   goods.

 

Article 30   
An agro-pesticide dealer shall, upon closedown of business or alteration of registered affairs, make a report to the local municipal or county/city competent authority for inspection within 30 days after closedown or alteration.
For an agro-pesticide dealer who suspends operation for not less than one year or closes down, the agro-pesticide dealer's license shall be revoked. However, this is not applicable if the dealer suspends with due reasons and is approved by the competent authority.

 

Article 31   
The names of highly toxic formulated agro-pesticides and the qualifications for buyer shall be promulgated by the central competent authority.
The competent authority may appoint an agro-pesticide dealer registered according to the first subparagraph of Article 26 to engage in the business as a wholesaler or retailer of highly toxic formulated agro-pesticides.

 

Article 32   
A dealer of highly toxic formulated agro-pesticides shall observe the following provisions:
1. Prepare books of account to record the name, address, age and
   contact of the buyers and the quantity they buy, and keep such
   books for three years.
2. Do not sell such agro-pesticides to children and juvenile
   under 18 years or any buyer who fails to meet the qualifications
   promulgated under the first paragraph of the preceding Article.
3. Ask the buyer for what they buy such agro-pesticide; do not sell
   if the use or its scope is other than approved and registered.
4. Store such agro-pesticides safely in dedicated cabinets locked.

 

Article 33   
The users of agro-pesticide shall use the agro-pesticides approved by the central competent authority.
For the safety of human body, environmental protection and ecological conservation, the central competent authority shall establish regulations governing the use of agro-pesticides, selective inspection of agro-pesticides residual in agricultural products and other relevant matters.

 

Article 34   
The agro-pesticide spraying service providers shall register with the local municipal or county/city competent authority.
The service provider under the preceding paragraph shall designate technicians qualified in the training on the use of agricultural agro-pesticides to spray agro-pesticides for others; the regulations governing the training shall be prescribed by the central competent authority.

 

Chapter V. Supervision, Inspection, Crackdown and Encouragement
 
Article 35   
An agro-pesticide manufacturer or dealer shall maintain books of account to record the quantity of agro-pesticides produced, imported, purchased and sold and shall make them available to the competent authority for inspection.
The books of account under the preceding paragraph shall be preserved for three years.

 

Article 36   
An agro-pesticide manufacturer or dealer shall neither produce or offer for sale any agro-pesticides beyond the scope of registration, nor engage in misrepresented, exaggerated or improper promotion or advertisement.
Before proceeding to publish or run an advertisement, an agro-pesticide manufacturer or dealer shall submit all the written words, pictures or oral statements to the central competent authority for approval and provide the written approval to the advertising agency for verification.
The regulations governing the application for and examination of the agro-pesticide advertisement under the preceding paragraph and other relevant matters shall be prescribed by the central competent authority.

 

Article 37   
The non-controlled agro-pesticides promulgated by the central competent authority are not applicable to this Act. However, there shall be no misrepresentation or exaggeration in the labelling, promotion or advertisement of such agro-pesticides.

 

Article 38   
No agro-pesticides shall be labelled, promoted or advertised as those with the efficacy of agro-pesticides if they are not as defined herein.

 

Article 39   
Attention shall be paid to the safety of transportation and warehouse storage of agro-pesticides; the regulations governing the transportation and warehouse storage and other relevant matters shall be established by the central authority in concert with the Ministry of Transportation and Communications.

 

Article 40   
The competent authority may assign agro-pesticide inspectors to enter the place of business or warehouse of an agro-pesticide manufacturer or dealer and other places where agro-pesticides are manufactured, processed and repackaged to carry out inspection, and may order the manufacturer or dealer to provide the inspectors with a business report.
The regulations governing the contents selective inspection, re-inspection, sealing-upon and other relevant matters of the agro-pesticide inspection under the preceding paragraph shall be prescribed by the central competent authority.

 

Article 41   
In performing the duties under the first paragraph of the preceding Article, an agro-pesticide inspector shall show his/her identification certificate, and shall pay for any samples taken at random.

 

Article 42   
Any and all suspicious prohibited, counterfeit or inferior agro-pesticides shall be first sealed upon being discovered if taking of random samples is required for examination purposes, and shall then be safeguarded by the manufacturer after signing an affidavit; the manufacturer must not refuse to do so.
Samples taken according to the preceding paragraph shall be examined and disposed as soon as possible, i.e. no more than two months of the date on which the agro-pesticides are discovered. However, where the period of examination and disposal needs to be extended for the necessity of inspection, a written notice stating the cause and period of extension shall be given to the manufacturer before the said period expires.

 

Article 43   
For those who inform the competent authority of the existence of prohibited, counterfeit or inferior agro-pesticides or assist the competent authority in discovering such agro-pesticides, the competent authority shall not only keep in confidence the name and identification of the informer or assistant, but also pay rewards to the informer or assistant in accordance with the regulations established by the central competent authority.

 

Article 44   
The competent authority may appraise the agro-pesticide manufacturers or dealers periodically and encourage those who are highly recognized in the appraisal.
The regulations governing the appraisal and encouragement under the preceding paragraph shall be prescribed by the central competent authority.

 

Chapter VI. Penal Provisions
 
Article 45 
 
Whoever is guilty of manufacturing, processing, repackaging or importing prohibited agro-pesticides shall be punished by way of imprisonment for not less than one year and not more than seven years, and a fine of not more than NT$ 600,000 may be imposed.
Whoever is guilty of attempting to commit the offense under the preceding paragraph shall be punished.

 

Article 46   
Whoever is guilty of dealing or for the intention of dealing, displaying or storing prohibited agro-pesticides shall be punished by way of imprisonment for not less than six months and not more than five years, and a fine of not more than NT$ 500,000 may be imposed.
Whoever is guilty of committing the offense under the preceding paragraph due to negligence shall be punished by way of imprisonment or custody for not more than one year misfeasance or a fine of NT$ 300,000.

 

Article 47   
Whoever is guilty of manufacturing, processing, repackaging or importing counterfeit agro-pesticides shall be punished by way of imprisonment for not less than six months and not more than five years, and a fine of not more than NT$500,000 may be imposed.
Whoever is guilty of attempting to commit the offense under the preceding paragraph shall be punished.

 

Article 48   
Whoever commits any of the following shall be punished by way of imprisonment for not more than three years and a fine of not more than NT$ 300,000 may be imposed:
1. Displays or stores for selling or attempted selling what he knows
   are counterfeit agro-pesticides;
2. Sells the agro-pesticides dedicated for processing and exporting
   under Subparagraph 2, Paragraph 1 of Article 24 or the agro-
   pesticides dedicated for exporting under Subparagraph 3 in
   Taiwan or uses them for other purposes.
Whoever is guilty of committing the offense under the preceding paragraph due to negligence shall be punished by way of custody or a fine of not more than NT$ 150,000.

 

Article 49   
Whoever is the representative of a juristic person or an agent, employee or otherwise of a juristic person or natural person shall be punished as the wrongdoer if he or she violates Article 45 to the preceding Article in the course of performing his or her duties. In addition, said juristic or natural person shall be punished with the fine provided in said Articles.

 

Article 50   
Whoever is guilty of manufacturing, processing, repackaging or importing counterfeit agro-pesticides under Subparagraph 1 of Article 8 shall be punished by way of a fine of not less than NT$ 60,000 and not more than NT$ 600,000.

 

Article 51   
Whoever is guilty of manufacturing, processing, repackaging or importing counterfeit agro-pesticides under Subparagraph 3 of Article 8 shall be punished by way of a fine of not less than NT$ 30,000 and not more than NT$ 300,000.

 

Article 52   
Whoever commits any of the following shall be punished by way of a fine of not less than NT$ 20,000 and not more than NT$ 200,000:
1. Displays or stores for selling or in an attempt to sell counterfeit
   agro-pesticides as he or she knows the agro-pesticides are
   counterfeit;
2. Violates the provision of Article 14;
3. Violates the provision of Article 19, Article 23, Paragraph 1 of
   Article 26, Article 28, Subparagraphs 1~4 of Article 29, Article
   32, Paragraphs 1 and 2 of Article 36, Article 37 or Article 38;
4. Violates the establishment standards for agro-pesticide factories
   prescribed in Paragraph 2 of Article 20;
5. Violates the relevant provisions on the entrusted processing of
   formulated agro-pesticides in the regulations referred to in
   Paragraph 2 of Article 22;
6. Violates the relevant provisions on the publishing or advocacy
   of agro-pesticide advertisement prescribed in Paragraph 3 of
   Article 36;
7. Violates the relevant provisions on the inspection of agro-
   pesticides in the regulations referred to in Paragraph 2 of Article
   40; or
8. Without due reasons, refuses inspectors to check according to
   the provision of Paragraph 1 of Article 40 or refuses to produce
   affidavit according to the provision of Paragraph 1 of Article
   42.
Upon the occurrence of the situation described in Subparagraph 4 or 5 of the preceding paragraph, the competent authority shall, in addition to the punishment under the preceding paragraph, notify the offender to take corrective action within a prescribed time limit. If corrective action is not taken within the prescribed time limit, the competent authority may suspend the offender's manufacturing or processing either in whole or in part.

 

Article 53   
A punishment by way of fine ranging from 15,000 to 150,000 yuan shall be imposed on whoever:
1. Offers over-the-counter agro-pesticides for wholesale to a dealer
   not duly registered or designated according to this Act or;
2. Violates the second paragraph of Article 25, the fifth paragraph
   of Article 29, the first paragraph of Article 30, or Article 34 or
   35;
3. Sells out any agro-pesticides designated for experimental
   research or educational demonstration under Subparagraph 1,
   Paragraph 1 of Article 24 in Taiwan;
4. Uses any agro-pesticides designated for experimental research,
   educational demonstration or emergency prevention under
   Subparagraph 1, Paragraph 24 for other purposes;
5. Violates the relevant provisions on the use of agro-pesticides in
   the regulations referred to in the second paragraph of Article 33;
   or
6.Violates the provisions on the transportation and storage of agro
  -pesticides in the regulations referred to in Article 39:

 

Article 54   
If an agro-pesticide manufacturer or dealer commits violation of this Act again even after having been punished by way of imprisonment or fine, the competent authority shall have the authority to revoke the relevant permit or license which has been issued to the manufacturer or dealer.
Applications for agro-pesticide permit or dealer's license filed by agro-pesticide manufacturer or dealer whose permit or license is abolished under the preceding paragraph shall be rejected by the competent authority within two years from the date of abolishment.

 

Article 55   
Any of the following shall be confiscated no matter who owns them:
1. Prohibited agro-pesticides or counterfeit agro-pesticides seized
   under this Act;
2. Inferior agro-pesticides seized under this Act;
3. Appliances and/or raw materials used for the manufacturing,
   processing or repackaging of prohibited agro-pesticides or
   counterfeit agro-pesticides defined in Subparagraph 1 of Article
   7;
4. Goods violating the provision of Article 19, Article 37 or Article
   38, the agro-pesticide, labelling, propaganda or advertising
   thereof has the effect of agro-pesticides.
The regulations governing the disposal of goods confiscated under the preceding paragraph shall be prescribed by the central competent authority.

 

Article 56   
Where it is necessary to appropriately dispose the agro-pesticides, appliances, raw materials and goods confiscated under this Act, the expenses of disposal shall be burdened by the punished.

 

Article 57   
The fines prescribed herein shall be imposed by the municipal or county (city) competent authority.

 

Chapter VII. Supplementary Provisions
 
Article 58 
 
The Enforcement Regulations of this Act shall be established by the central competent authority.

 

Article 59   
This Act shall become effective as of the date of its being promulgated.